Seahorses are a very unique. This is quite obvious once you look at them and you can see quite clearly how they obtained their namesake. Their heads look the same as a horses.
They are found in tropical temperatures and environments. A seahorse can develop to be up to 14 inches or they could be as little as half an inch! Perhaps the most incredible thing about sea horses is how the males are the ones who give birth to the young.
Before they breed they need to first court each other. This courtship often lasts for several days as they dance with each other. During this dance they may change colors. During the courtship dance they swim side by side holding each others tails or sometimes they grip the identical piece of grass almost like their holding hands. After a very long time doing so they then engage in the actual courtship dance. This dance often lasts 8 hours ! In this dance the seahorse pushes water to his egg pouch until it opens up from the pressure building inside once the female sees he is not pregnant she lays eggs in him as they hook up their snouts together and start to drift. In this time his body begins to swell from the hundreds of eggs while her body starts to thin.
The male then gives off semen that ferments the eggs at which stage he closes his pouch. He then starts to feed his many children. His children develop very quickly in a matter of weeks in fact. During this period he gives them the same hormones that are responsible for infant milk. In this time she visits him every morning for around 6 minutes.
Eventually he is ready to give birth and through muscular contractions his young are born. He usually does this at night so that when the mother comes to him during the next morning they can begin the process a new. They do not care for their children after arrival however since the man keeps them safe until their born (instead of just placing the eggs and leaving) the survival rate is greater (though only 5%).
Sea horses despite their efficient methods of reproduction are fairly weak creatures. They can’t swim very well and have an extremely inefficient digestion systems. They have no stomach so it is significantly harder for them to get nutrients and store nutrients so that they need to eat a lot. However they get very tired very quickly while swimming making it harder to run away from predators and access to fresh food sources. They eat by placing their snouts onto rocks and sucking up nutrients.